Summary of research works

Introduction

1. A more and more insistant question concerning the relevant cutting out of the social field
1.1. What is the « objective future » for students according to their social background?
1.2. The missing explanation for the variety of changes in socio-professional composition of districts and communes
1.3. The supposed new stage of capitalism does not make more intelligible the evolution of social space: peri-urbanization, segregation, location of jobs

2. The intellectual division of work, an historical process structuring the evolution of capital-labor nexus
2.1. Elaboration of an analysis schema of division of labour
2.2. « The process of dequalification-overqualification »…
2.3. ... and its implications for the segmentation of the labour market, the structure of space and the future of graduates.
2.4. Resonance, objections, deficiencies and developments: from labour crisis to productivity and employment crisis

3. The generality of the intellectual division of work under discussion
3.1. Social construction of professional categories and job qualifications
3.2. Prescribed work and real work
3.3. The variety of work organizations at the equivalent technical level
3.4. Nature of links between division of labour and spatial division of labour

4. The social construction of production techniques
4.1. Main conclusions. Processes and social forms of automation. The sociological paradigm
4.2. The participation of workers of Japanese steel industry to transform the machines
4.3. A social form of automation: the design, the development and the use of an automatic machine to mariage platform and body in a car assembly plant
4.4. Other forms of social automation is it conceivable? Joint development of an automated bottling line and of the organization of work to apply
4.5. Machine design and maintenance work
4.6. Design and testing of expert systems prototypes to operation and maintenance tasks. Work, practical knowledge and Artificial Intelligence
4.7. The social image of maintenance work in the design process of metropolitan trains. Self-analysis machines?

5. Does the social stake of intellectual division of labour allow to better understand the workers and employers practices and the crisis of enterprises?
5.1. The meaning of workers practices and employers practices
5.2. The crisis of the French steel industry from 1945 to 1979
5.3. Redefining the issue of the capital-labour nexus in the automated workshops and the invention of new practices by actors

6. Productives Models, as ways to manage the uncertainties of labour and of market
6.1. Relevance and limits of the notion of Fordist employment relationships
6.2. Emergence of new industrial models. The GERPISA international program. Issues and approach.
6.3. Crisis of Toyotaism and "reflective production"
6.4. One Best Way? Trajectories and Industrial Models of the World's Automobile Producers
6.5. Renault: A "innovation and flexibility" strategy to confirm
6.6. The World that Changed the Machine
6.7. The productive models

7. Restructuring of the world and national growth models
7.1. The process of globalization / regionalization and new productive models in construction
7.2. The process of division of labour led to the diversity of productive models. The paradigm of « limited and periodically renewed diversity »
7.3. National trajectories and models. Towards a framework for analysis of macro-micro links

8. Towards a sociology of social nexus
8.1. Social nexus : their own economy, techniques, politics and symbolic
8.2. The concept of work: historicity, centrality and end
8.3. The division of labour : conflicts and debates it has provoked
8.4. Has capitalism a new spirit? Can economic sociology be fruitful? Towards a reconstruction of knowledge